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Full text of "Linguistic Survey Of India Vol Ii Mon Khmer Siamese Chinese Families"

GEtfEEAL INTRODUCTION.    TONE SYSTEM.

69

It is a common belief that these isolating, monosyllabic, languages, are examples of
the infancy of speech. It is sometimes said that they are in the 'radical' stage, and that
they may be expected to derelop gradually into agglutinative and finally into synthetic
tongues. So far, however, are they from being in their infancy, that the esact
reverse is the case They are languages in the last stage of decrepitude, That1 they \vill
all pass, and that some of them are now passing, through the agglutinative stage, may be
admitted, but they have been there before. These monosyllabic words are worn down
polysyllables, and these polysyllables were formed, just as we see polysyllables formed at
the present day in other languages, by prefixes and suffixes. By constant attrition
sometimes the prefix was rubbed down, leaving only a faint i?ace of the changes in the
main word which its presence had effected. Or, on the other hand, the word itself may
be rubbed down, so that apparently the prefix alone remains The following example of
the vicissitudes which an Indo-Chinese word undergoes in its life in the different Indo-
Chinese languages is taken from Professor Conrady's work abovementioned. The original
Indo-Chinese word was f rangt *ringt or *rong, a horse. It has become in—

Thochu,
	roh

Horpa,
	rhii ryi'

Milchanang,
	rung.

Tibarskad,
	shung

Southern Glim
	shi

Gyarnngj
	bO'TOh.

Manjak,
	'bo-roli.

Abor-Mm,
	&tt-rf.

Sokpn,
	na-n.

Burmese,
	m-rang.

Singpho,
	gti-"m~rang

Jih,
	^Jia-m-rang.

Mutoina,
	man, mok<

Chinese,
	'nia, (old form) »iO-r

Tai languages,
	wa.

Miao-eh,
	mtij w3!, ie-mti, tn-ii f\, e*c

Siym
	shl-pu.

Tangkhul,
	iha-puL

Chepang,
	se-rang.

Newilii,
	sa-la.

Pahi,
	S&'TO

Bodo,
	ko-rai.

Ao-Naga,
	'ko'fr ( Possibly borrowed froiq Arynn.)

Angami Naga,
	ftwt-r    (Ditto.)

Karen,
	Jca-ae

Tibetan,
	r-ta

Pwo-Karen,
	thi.

Sgaa-Karen,
	ka~thi, k-tha.

Tanngthn,
	th-ay*

Knami,
	ta~phu

Sharpa, Miinni,
	tet.

Tak-pa,
	teh.

Lepcfla* Limbu,
	on.

Lohorong,
	en.

Balali,
	yen.

Sangpeng,
	yem-pa.

'Most   of the following u

mitden Tonaccenten,

on  Co»ndj'8  ^JB* tnivdimtrueht   Oavsativ Dtnoannafiv   Stldunff wd thr